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Broccoli cabbage, recognizable by its green inflorescence, is an easy to grow vegetable.
In summary, what you need to know:
Last name : Brassica oleracea var. italica
Family : Brassicaceae
Type : Vegetable, biennial
Exposure : Sunny
Ground : Fresh, deep and moist and rich
Harvest : All year round depending on varieties
- Cooked : broccoli recipes
- Health : virtues and benefits of broccoli
Growing, sowing, planting and harvesting, this is how to have beautiful broccoli.
Sowing and planting broccoli
The best way to grow broccoli cabbage is by sowing it, in soil previously enriched with compost, manure or an amendment such as manure and algae.
This fertilization must take place several weeks before sowing.
Before sowing, you must turn the soil deeply to loosen it well.
- The first broccoli sprouts, says early, can be sown from March, under shelter, for a harvest from August to September.
- For a sowing directly in the ground we will wait until the end of all risk of frost, may or june.
- Broadcast sow then lightly bury the seeds.
- Tamp lightly then sprinkle in a fine rain.
- Thin to 10 cm when the broccoli has formed a few leaves
Planting broccoli bought in pots:
If you don't have time to sow your broccoli, opt to buy already formed seedlings.
If you have sown under cover, transplant the broccoli in the ground.
The first broccoli plants appear for purchase in late spring but it is from mid-May that we can put them in the ground outside.
- The ideal time to plant is the beginning of summer.
- Respect a distance of about 60 cm in all directions between each plant.
Caring for broccoli
As soon as the plants have minimum 3 to 4 sheets, transplant directly in place while protecting your crop if this is to be done before May.
- The broccoli is transplanted every 40 cm.
This spacing is necessary to give the plants room to develop.
- Transplant in a well plowed ground.
- Water your broccoli regularly but moderately in fine rain to maintain good humidity.
Watering the broccoli:
To thrive, broccoli needs regular watering to keep the soil moist.
- Water without over-wetting the foliage to avoid fungi
- Mulch the stems of your broccoli cabbages to maintain moisture in the soil
- Hoe regularly to facilitate the passage of water through the soil and prevent weeds
Broccoli in winter
Broccoli cabbage is resistant to cold and frost and should be protected during winter.
If your climate is mild in winter, you can leave them in the ground, with a light protection such as a small plastic tunnel.
If, on the other hand, you are subject to severe frost in winter, you have to remove the broccoli with its root ball and replant it under cover.
At the end of winter, you can put them back in the ground
Diseases of broccoli
The main enemy of broccoli remains mildewMoisture is the main cause of the development of late blight.
- Avoid watering the leaves of your broccoli cabbage
- Do not tighten the plants too much to ventilate the foliage as much as possible
- Find our advice for fight against mildew
Note also that broccoli cabbage can be the target of aphids and, of course, caterpillars.
For these 2 pests, avoid at all costs chemical treatments that may contaminate your vegetables and the soil in which they grow.
Harvesting broccoli cabbage
Harvest the broccoli:
Broccoli is harvested when the main head is well formed and compact.
> The broccoli must be harvested before the flowers open (the surface then turns yellow)
Cut about an inch below the head to allow your broccoli to continue growing.
> Leave your broccoli in place because they will continue to give small flowers.
> The plants can be uprooted the following spring.
Broccoli has many virtues, including being rich in vitamin C, but to fully benefit from it, it is best to eat it raw or not overcooked.
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