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Jerusalem artichoke is an old vegetable that is making a comeback and, for good reason, it is delicious.
In summary, what you need to know:
Last name : Helianthus tuberosus
Family : Asteraceae
Type : Vegetable, rhizomatous perennial
Height : 2 to 2.5m
Exposure : Sunny
Ground : Ordinary
Harvest : November to March
Health: benefits and virtues of Jerusalem artichoke on health
From planting to harvest, its cultivation is easy and undemanding, and Jerusalem artichoke will undoubtedly satisfy you.
Plantation, cultivation of Jerusalem artichoke
The Jerusalem artichoke can only be cultivated by planting medium and whole tubers. It offers the great advantage of being cultivated in all types of soil.
The Jerusalem artichoke culture can sometimes beintrusive, do not hesitate to delimit the space so that it spills over into other cultures.
When to plant Jerusalem artichokes:
Plant the tubers preferably in the month of February March. You can also plant up to middle of spring.
Dedicated tubers are usually used for cultivation, but tubers purchased for consumption can also be planted.
Properly plant the Jerusalem artichoke:
- Jerusalem artichoke grows in ordinary soil but gives best results when fertilized.
- Plant them online (why not along a wall) respecting a spacing of approximately 80 cm to 1 m between each plant, because this plant can very quickly become invasive.
- Bury the tubers 10 cm deep, lying down, at the rate of 150 g tuber / m2
- Cover with soil without tamping
Harvesting Jerusalem artichoke
Properly maintained, cultivating Jerusalem artichoke can give a harvest of about 3 kg / m2.
It takes place from flowering and throughout the winter according to your needs.
Tear off the tubers by lifting them with a fork for example.
Leave the Jerusalem artichoke tubers that you do not need in the ground because this is wherethey keep the best.
Once out of the ground it is best to clean your Jerusalem artichokes with a brush to remove all the soil.
This improves the storage conditions removing all traces ofhumidity because there is a risk of developing diseases.
- The best place to store Jerusalem artichokes is in a cool, dark, dry room.
Jerusalem artichoke in winter
For regions with harsh winters and conducive to severe frosts, place a layer of dead leaves in order to protect them from the cold.
- If the earth were to freeze, the harvest would be much more difficult, if not impossible
- It would then be necessary to wait for the end of the frost to be able to plant a fork and lift the Jerusalem artichokes.
Jerusalem artichoke in the kitchen
Easy to grow, Jerusalem artichoke is a very hardy plant that spend all winter in the ground without any worry.
Originally from North America, he is known more to top chefs than to the general public for his taste forartichoke. It is also called Jerusalem Artichoke.
Rich in vitamins and low in calories, it is 4 times less caloric than the potato. here is a perfect vegetable for your diet.
Rich in minerals and fiber, he has toning and diuretic virtues for our organization.
After peeling the Jerusalem artichoke, it is useful to lemon for prevent it from oxidizing and darken. Because even if the skin of the Jerusalem artichoke is edible, it is best to peel it first.
Among the recipes to try we have:
- Duck Parmentier with Jerusalem artichokes,
- Jerusalem artichoke and scallop mash,
- Jerusalem artichoke soup with truffle
- Jerusalem artichoke recipes
Smart tip about Jerusalem artichoke
Once unearthed, quickly consume the Jerusalem artichoke because it does not keep very long!